Olathe is the city, the administrative center of Johnson County, Kansas, USA. The fourth largest city in the state and conurbation, 193rd in the country (estimated in 2013).
|38°53' s. 94°49°E|
|Mayor||Michael Copeland (2015)|
|History and geography|
|Center Height||316 m|
|Climate Type||wet continental with cool winter and hot summer|
|Time zone||UTC-6:00, summer UTC-5:00|
|Population||125,872 people (2010)|
|Population of agglomeration||2,054,473 people|
|Nationalities|| white - 83.1% |
Negro and African Americans - 5.3%
|Phone code||+1 913|
|Postal Indexes||66051, 66061—66063|
|Media files on Wikimedia Commons|
Oleite is located in the northeast part of the state. From the north-east it borders the city of Lenex, from south-west - with the city of Gardner, from the north-west - with the city of De Soto. Oleyte’s area is 156.49 km², of which 1.97 km² (1.26%) cover open water spaces: the two largest urban reservoirs, built in the 1930s, are Oleiti (0.7 km²) and Sedar (0.18 km²). Black Bob Park (0.32 km², opened in 1981) is the city's largest green zone, named after Black Bob — an Indian leader from the Shauni tribe.
There are major highways I-35 through the city. US 50, US 56 and US 169 and smaller roads K-7 and K-10.
The city's air service is provided by Johnson County Executive Airport, located in the southeastern part of Oleyt, and New Century AirCenter, located just south-west of the city. It may be noted that Johnson County Executive Airport is the second most heavily loaded in the state.
The city's bus service is provided by Johnson County Transit.
Oleite is characterized by a humid continental climate with cool winter and hot summer. The average temperature of 36 days a year in the city exceeds 32°C and 3 days a year - 38°C, 102 days a year the temperature drops below 0°C, but very rarely below -12°C. On average, it rains 96.4 days a year and snows 10 days over the city. The maximum air temperature in the city was recorded in July 1954 and was 45.6°C, the minimum in December 1989 and was -30°C.
On average, it will rain 914 mm a year, the rainfestone month is May with 126 mm, the driest month is February with 29 mm. The most rainy days are in May (11.4 on average), the least in February (5.7). The most rainy month in the history of meteorological observation was July 1993, when 396 mm of rain fell in Oleiti during the month (43.3% of the annual norm).
On average, the city is covered with 48.8 cm of snow per year, the most snowy month is January with 14 cm (the average snow is 3 days per month), from May to September inclusive there was never snow (in April and October it is very rare: the annual average is 1 and 0.3 cm, respectively, i.e. in april it is once every five years, and in october it is once every ten years). The most snowy month in the history of meteorological observation was January 1962, when 61 cm of snow fell in Oleit in a month (125% of the annual norm).
- Comment. Average values are for the observation period from 1971 to 2000, extreme values are for the period from 1939 to 2001. The Metestation is located 5 kilometers east of the city at an altitude of 322 meters above sea level.
Oleite was founded by a certain Dr. John T. Barton in the spring of 1857, 11 years before Kansas emerged as a state. He took a trip to the Johnson district center and saw a beautiful place covered with wild flowers, mostly camel. Barton decided to call his city "Beautiful" and asked the native language translator, Sonia, how the word sounds in their language and got an answer - Oleiti. In the same year Oleiti was granted the status of "city", but due to the unstable political situation, it was incorporated again the following year. In 1865 Oleiti was incorporated for the third time with the status of "third class city", in 1870 rose to "second class", in 1970 - to "first class". Although Oleite was not the first city to appear in the district, it quickly became the largest here and in October 1859 it was given the status of district center. The first years of its existence, until 1861, the city became the epicenter of the violent events of "Blood-Out Kansas" several times before it became a "free state". However, in 1862-1864 Oleit was attacked several times by the Confederates, in particular, it was ravaged by the units of William Quantrill and Sterling Price.
After the end of the Civil War, the main occupation of the city's residents was the service of the travelers, as Oleite is well located in Oregon and California The Routes and the Santa Fe: In a week, up to 600 vans passed through the city. By 1870, however, the city had already reached the Transcontinental Railway, which had in fact devastated the town's economy, making it a deaf provincial settlement almost for a century. By 1868 there were 50-60 buildings in Oleit, by 1873 the city was serviced by three railway branches. In 1874 the first library was opened and the city began to record its history. In 1881 a railway depot was built in the city.
In 1907, Oleit and Kansas City connected the tram route (finished its work in 1940), and in the early 1960s, the direct highway I-35, which immediately caused a sharp increase in the city's population.
In 1920 the Chamber of Commerce of the city was established. In 1959, Harris Newspapers acquired The Olathe Mirror and The Johnson County Democrat, combining them into the Olathe News, which still exists today. In 1970, the first McDonald's opened, in 1982 - the first Wal-Mart Stores.
According to 2000 data, Oleiti was one of the 25 fastest growing cities in the country. In 2004 "Money" magazine placed Oleiti on line 3 of his list of "the hottest" cities in the central US; in 2006, on the 13th in his list "Best Small Cities." In 2008, CNN/"Money" ranked Oleiti 11th on its list of "The 100 Best Cities to Live in the US."
In 1866, Oleit opened a school for the deaf, becoming the first of its kind in the state (by 1913 it had 250 children) and remains one of the largest such schools. Two years later, the city's first public school opened. In 1966, the MidAmerica Nazarene College University opened. There are also four high schools in the city: "North" (since 1958), "South" (since 1981), "East" (since 1992) and "North-West" (since 2003); in 2017 it is planned to open the fifth high school — "Western".
Throughout the city, its population has typically grown at a remarkable rate, except in the 1900s and 1910s, when the population of Oleiti fell by more than 5% over two decades. The largest growth was in the 1970’s: the number of inhabitants more than doubled in a decade. In 2001, the 100,000-strong population was overcome, that is, in 40 years, from the early 1960s to the early 2000s, the number of Oleiti residents increased about tenfold.
According to the 2010 census, Oleit had 125,872 inhabitants (49.5% male and 50.5% female), 44,507 households and 33,274 families. Race composition: white - 83.1%, black and African-American - 5.3%, indigenous Americans - 0.4%, Asians - 4.1%, Pacific Islanders - 0.1%, other races - 4.1%, mixed races - 3%, Hispanic ( any race) - 10.2%.
44.1 per cent of households were children under 18 years of age; 60.9 per cent of households were married couples living together, 9.6 per cent were female heads of household without a husband, 4.3 per cent were male heads of household without a wife and 25.2 per cent were not families. The average household size was 2.8 persons, the family size was 3.24 persons.
The average age of the city resident was 32.9 years; 30% of the population was under 18 years of age, 7.5% were between 18 and 24 years of age, 32.1% were between 25 and 44 years of age, 23.1% were between 45 and 64 years of age and 7.2% were over 65 years of age.
In 2012, the average household income of the city was $76,836 per year, with an average state of $50,241; per capita income was $30,649 per year.
In 2013, an estimated 131,885 people (50% male and 50% female) lived in Oleiti. The average age of the city resident was 33.3 years, with an average of 36 years.
Oleit residents reported the following about the ancestral origins: Germans - 23.9%, Irish - 10.8%, British - 9.6%, French - 2.5%, Swedish - 2.1%.
A survey of residents over the age of 15 showed that 24.9 per cent of them were unmarried and never married, 59.1 per cent were married and lived together, 1.1 per cent were married but separated, 2.8 per cent were widowed and 12 per cent were divorced.
9.7% of city dwellers were born outside the US, with an average of 6.5%.
As of June 2014, unemployment in the city was 4.5%, with an average of 5.1%.
- Mahaffi House — built in 1857, included in the National Register of Historical Places of the USA in 1977.
Martin van Buren Parker's house
At the MidAmerica Nazarene College Church
High School "Yuzhnaya"
- Cour Switzerland — since 1974
- Maebashi Japan - since 1998
- Oleit is the headquarters of a large company Garmin (since 1996). There is also an insurance company branch Farmers Insurance Group, and this office is the largest in the United States, even at the headquarters, in Los Angeles, working less staff than here.
- Oleite belongs to the same school district: 35 primary schools, 9 middle schools and 4 high schools.
- John Anderson, Jr. was born and died in Oleit (1917-2014) — 36th Governor of Kansas (1961-1965).
- In Oleiti, part of the film "Killing in the Blood" (1967) took place.
- ↑ Directory of Kansas Public Officials — Olathe Archived August 22, 2011. (English) on site lkm.org
- ↑ When calculating population density, only the land area of the city was used
- ↑ Central part of the South of the USA // Atlas of the World / Composition and Prepared for the edition. PCO "Cartography" in 1999 ; rev T. G. Novikova, T. M. Vorobyova. — the 3rd edition, ster., baked in 2002 from the diapo. 1999 - Moscow : Roscartography, 2002. P. 232—233. — ISBN 5-85120-055-3.
- ↑ 1 2 Facts, History & Demographics Archive copy of April 2, 2015 on the Wayback Machine (EN) on the city's official website
- ↑ Black-Bob Park Archived March 19, 2008. (English) on the official site of the city
- ↑ For more information see art. I-35 in Kansas (English)
- ↑ For more information see Article US 50 in Kansas
- ↑ Johnson County Airports Among Busiest in Kansas on aviationpros.com, March 8, 2006
- ↑ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 89 10 Oleite's History Archived November 13, 2007. (English) on the official site of the city
- ↑ Geographic coordinates of U.S. meteorological stations (ENG) on the website ncdc.noaa.gov
- ↑ 1 2 History of Downtown Olathe Archived Copy of April 2, 2015 on the Wayback Machine (EN) on the city's official website
- ↑ Sam Roberts. Biggest Urban Growth Is in South and West (English) on query.nytimes.com, 28 June 2007
- ↑ Olathe, Kansas Travel Guide on kansastravel.org
- ↑ Olathe West High School at the site departments.olatheschools.com
- ↑ 1 2 3 4 Olei: demography, economy, crime, healthcare, etc. on city-data.com
- ↑ Demographics Oleite 2007—2013 Archived on September 16, 2012. on quickfacts.census.gov
- ↑ William G. Cutler. Kansas State History - Johnson County - Population 1870 and 1880 (English) (1883)
- ↑ Official site of the school district (English)
- ↑ See Tj. List of people from Oleit (Kansas) (English)
- William E. Connelly. Quantrill and the Border Wars (1909)
- Official city website
- Geographic Information Systems (GIS) on the city's official website
- City Chamber of Commerce (EN)
- Public Library of the city (English)
- US Geographical Names Information System: Oleite (Kansas) (English)